Building a novel medication adherence mHealth application for adolescents and young adult liver transplant recipients
Nonadherence to medications following liver transplantation is a major cause of rejection and graft loss, especially among adolescents and young adults. Adolescents and young adults are also among the most frequent users of mobile health technology, yet there are few medication adherence applications (apps) that both target this group and also integrate with healthcare systems. The purpose of this project is to develop a prototype mobile health app based on behavioral change theoretical principles, which can subsequently be used to support improved medication adherence for liver transplant recipients in this population. The project has three specific aims: 1) to gather end-user requirements, 2) to develop app content based on user-centered design principles, and 3) to pilot test and evaluate the perceived usability of the app. By incorporating patient and health care provider feedback and evidence-based behavioral change techniques, this mobile health solution may help to bridge the gap in the effective use of mHealth to improve transplant medication adherence. The inherent principles underlying the app’s operation are also anticipated to be translatable to improve medication adherence for patients experiencing other disease states.